Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric condition in which the sufferer has obsessive thoughts and engages in compulsive behaviors.
- Obsessive thoughts: These are unwanted, unacceptable, and recurring intrusive thoughts that the person can’t seem to control despite wanting to.
- Compulsions: When a person experiences obsessive thoughts, they feel compelled to perform certain repetitive tasks and rituals.
Obsessive thoughts are often of sexual or aggressive nature. These are anxiety-provoking thoughts not concerned with problems of the present. The person relieves the anxiety by indulging in compulsive behaviors such as:
- Cleaning (e.g. repeated washing)
- Checking (e.g. repeated checking door locks)
- Hoarding (i.e. being unable to get rid of useless things)
- Ordering (i.e. arranging items in order)
Since these compulsive behaviors relieve the anxiety generated by obsessive thoughts, they get reinforced leading to a vicious cycle. The person doesn’t want to think these bad thoughts and thinking them makes them conclude they’re bad, reducing self-confidence.
A key feature of disorders is that they’re distressing. If you clean your super dirty room all day, it makes sense and doesn’t cause you distress. Compulsive behaviors in OCD are useless and take time away from other important activities.
As OCD sufferers realize they have no control over their useless thoughts and compulsions, it causes them further distress.
Taking the OCD-R test
This test uses the OCD-R scale consisting of 18 items. Each item has options on a 5-point scale ranging from Not at all to Extremely. This test is not meant to be a diagnosis. if you score high on this test, you’re advised to consult a professional for an in-depth assessment.
The results will be visible only to you and we don’t store them in our database.
Foa, E. B., Huppert, J. D., Leiberg, S., Langner, R., Kichic, R., Hajcak, G., & Salkovskis, P. M. (2002). The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory: development and validation of a short version. Psychological assessment, 14(4), 485.
Hi, I’m Hanan Parvez (MBA, MA Psychology), founder and author of PsychMechanics. I’ve written 280+ articles and published one book about human behavior on this blog that has garnered over 3 million views. PsychMechanics has been featured in Forbes, Business Insider, Reader’s Digest, and Entrepreneur.