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Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT) in psychology

"Men are disturbed not by things, but by the view they take of them."

This quote by philosopher Epictetus captures the essence of Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT). Cognitive/cognition refers to mental processing i.e. thoughts, thinking and interpreting life events. Cognitive Behavioural Theory, as the name suggests, is a theory about how thoughts shape behaviour and vice versa.

There’s also a third component to the theory- feelings. CBT explains how these three components- thoughts, feelings and behaviours of an individual interact with each other.
CBT focuses mainly on how certain thoughts lead to certain feelings which, in turn, lead to certain behavioural responses. According to CBT, thoughts are changeable and by changing thoughts we can change our feelings and, ultimately, our behaviours.

It also works in reverse. Changing our behaviours can also lead to changes in how we feel and ultimately how we think. So even though feelings cannot be directly manipulated, they can …
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