Classical and operant conditioning

Ivan Pavlov picture

Home » Psychology conceptsClassical and operant conditioning are two basic psychological processes that explain how humans and other animals learn. The fundamental concept that underlies both these modes of learning is association. Simply put, our brains are associating machines. We associate things with each other so that we can learn about our world and make … Read more Classical and operant conditioning

Fundamental Attribution Error in psychology

attribution

Home » Psychology concepts In order to understand Fundamental Attribution Error, you first need to understand what is meant by attribution. Attribution in psychology simply means attributing causation to behaviour. When you observe a behaviour, you tend to look for reasons behind that behaviour. This ‘looking for reasons behind a behaviour’ is called the attribution … Read more Fundamental Attribution Error in psychology

What is gaslighting in psychology?

Home » Psychology conceptsGaslighting means manipulating someone’s perception of reality to the point that they begin to question their own sanity. The manipulation is so effective that a person being gaslighted comes to doubt their ability to perceive reality and recall events from memory accurately. To put it simply, person A perceives something about person … Read more What is gaslighting in psychology?

What is meant by dissociation in psychology?

Home » Psychology conceptsImagine how people react when tragedy strikes, be it a death in the family, a natural disaster, a terror attack, anything. Let’s take the example of death in a family. People can display a wide variety of behaviours in such situations. Men tend to silently grieve or even cry with restrained tears … Read more What is meant by dissociation in psychology?

What is meant by neurosis in psychology?

Home » Psychology conceptsNeurosis generally refers to a mental disorder that is characterized by feelings of anxiety, depression, and fear that are disproportionate to the circumstances of a person’s life but not completely incapacitating. In this article, however, we’ll look at neurosis from the psychoanalytic perspective. It states that neurosis is the result of mental conflict. This … Read more What is meant by neurosis in psychology?

What is meant by priming in psychology?

Home » Psychology conceptsPriming in psychology is a phenomenon that occurs when exposure to a stimulus influences our thoughts and behaviour in response to another succeeding stimulus. When this happens on a subconscious level, it’s called subconscious priming. In simpler words, when you’re exposed to a piece of information, it has a potential of influencing your … Read more What is meant by priming in psychology?

Cognitive dissonance in psychology (explained)

Home » Psychology conceptsSimply put, cognitive dissonance in psychology means the inability of the human mind to hold two conflicting ideas or beliefs. The confusion and uncertainty caused by the presence of two conflicting ideas make the mind unstable. Since our mind constantly seeks stability, it does what it can to resolve its cognitive dissonance. … Read more Cognitive dissonance in psychology (explained)

How we understand the world (Duality of mind)

Home » Psychology conceptsDuality is an essential feature of the human mind. Our mind makes use of duality to understand the world, to make sense of it. Had our mind not been dual, I don’t think we could ever possibly describe the world around us. There would be no language, no words, no measurements, nothing. … Read more How we understand the world (Duality of mind)

The concept of psychological stability

Home » Psychology conceptsAlmost every system in the world interacts with some other system so that stability is attained. Every phenomenon that occurs in nature is a result of energy exchanges between two or more systems. Whether it be the physical dynamics of motion or the chemical combination of two substances, the aim of the … Read more The concept of psychological stability

Belief systems: Programs of the subconscious mind

Home » Psychology conceptsThis article discusses belief systems i.e. the programs in our subconscious mind that largely determine our behaviours. Even if you know nothing about psychology and human behaviour, understanding the concept of a belief system will be sufficient to enable you to grasp the very essence of mind mechanics. A belief system is … Read more Belief systems: Programs of the subconscious mind