Relationship dynamics (Definition and meaning)

dynamics of relationships

Relationship dynamics can simply be defined as ‘everything that happens between two people in a relationship’. The relationship dynamics between relationship partners tell us about: How the couple interact with each other What they think of each other How they feel about each other Respect, love, and intimacy levels in the relationship Every relationship we’re …

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Low self-esteem (Characteristics, causes, & effects)

socially anxious boy

Self-esteem is one of those topics that gets mentioned a lot. Everyone who uses the term has some idea of what it means. However, if you ask them to elaborate on it, they flail and hesitate, giving you the “it-is-what-it-is” look. Truth is, there are some misconceptions about self-esteem out there. Low self-esteem, in particular, …

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Enmeshment: Definition, causes, & effects


Enmeshment is a family pattern in which there are no psychological boundaries between the family members. Hence, the family members seem psychologically fused together or enmeshed. The enmeshed family members seem to have no separate identities. Instead, identify with each other and seem to live each other’s lives. The enmeshed family members are overly involved …

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Metacommunication: Definition, examples, and types

monkeys playfighting

Metacommunication can be defined as ‘communication about communication’.1 In its simplest form, the communication process involves a sender who sends a message to a receiver. Think of receiving communication as buying a new gadget. The store owner is the sender, the gadget is the message, and you’re the receiver. If the store owner simply hands …

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Types of memory in psychology (Explained)

autobiographical memory

Memory in psychology is defined as the persistence of learning. You can learn, recognize, and recall information. This shows your mind has an in-built storage system for information. In this article, I’ll briefly discuss the types of memory in psychology. Then, I’ll explain them in detail in the next sections. Types of memory in psychology …

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A simple explanation of classical and operant conditioning

Ivan Pavlov picture

Many people, including psychology students, teachers, and professionals, find the concepts of classical and operant conditioning confusing. So I decided to provide a simple explanation of classical and operant conditioning processes. It can’t get any simpler than what you’re about to read. Classical and operant conditioning are two basic psychological processes that explain how humans …

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Cognitive Behavioral Theory (Explained)


“Men are disturbed not by things, but by the view which they take of them.” – Epictetus The above quote captures the essence of Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT). Cognition refers to thinking. Cognitive Behavioural Theory talks about how cognition shapes behavior and vice versa. There’s a third component to the theory- feelings. CBT explains how …

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5 Reasons for fundamental attribution error


Do you know what’s the single biggest factor causing problems in relationships? It’s a phenomenon called fundamental attribution error based on a Social Psychology theory called Attribution Theory. Before we talk about the reasons for fundamental attribution error, let’s properly understand what it means. Consider the following scenario: Sam: What’s the matter with you?Rita: It …

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Gaslighting in psychology (Meaning, process & signs)

what is gaslighting

Gaslighting someone means manipulating their perception of reality so that they begin to question their own sanity. The manipulation is so effective that a person being gaslighted comes to doubt their ability to perceive reality and recall events from memory accurately. Simply put, person A perceives something about person B who denies it and accuses …

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