How to build rapport using the psychological technique of mirroring

Mirroring or building rapport is one of the coolest NLP techniques out there. It gives you a fair glimpse of how our unconscious minds work below our level of awareness and how we make decisions and judgments about somebody without knowing why.

Mirroring, as the name suggests, means copying another person in order to build rapport with them. Copying another person’s gestures, the tone of voice or even catchphrases constitute mirroring. Mirroring has numerous benefits provided you carry it out properly.

The basic idea of mirroring

Do you know why we feel hatred, fear, and disgust towards spiders or centipedes but feel okay around chimpanzees or other mammals? 

One reason is that other mammals look much more similar to us than insects. 

We are hard-wired to like and feel comfortable around other humans. This has an evolutionary advantage because the closer we live with other human beings, the higher our chances of survival are.

So the more an organism looks different from humans, the more we feel uncomfortable around it. In short, our unconscious mind has makes us build rapport and feel comfortable only around those who resemble us or share some sort of similarity with us. 

This is why you like it when you meet a person belonging to your own cultural or ethnic background in a foreign country or why you always choose to sit with the people you know when you enter a room full of strangers. 

This fact is what we exploit in the NLP technique of mirroring.


How mirroring is done

In mirroring, we try to convince the subconscious mind of the other person that we are similar to them. If it works, the person feels comfortable around us and may even start to like us without knowing why.

Next time you’ve built rapport and are engaged in a comfortable conversation with someone, I want you to notice the body language of both of you. You’ll notice that you have taken up similar gestures or gestures that are mirror images of each other. Your hands may be at the same position or your legs might be crossed in exactly the same way.

building rapport with mirroring psychology
  • Save
The extent of mirroring is a direct measure of the level of comfort between the people involved. 

All this happens unconsciously as we get comfortable around someone. But this phenomenon can also occur in reverse, as in mirroring.


In mirroring, we copy the gestures of the other person consciously with the goal of building rapport and making them feel comfortable around us, even if they didn’t feel that way initially. 

While you’re trying to mirror someone during a conversation, you can’t just abruptly copy their gestures because they could become suspicious. You’re communicating with their unconscious mind so you have to carry it out slow enough to make it unnoticeable to their conscious mind.

Slowly, copy their gestures one by one until your gestures look 100% similar to theirs. If they change a gesture, you also follow along, but with some time delay so as to make it unnoticeable. 

If you want to make sure that your mirroring was successful and the other person is feeling comfortable, you can always test it by assuming a new gesture. If the person unconsciously copies you, then your mirroring attempt has been successful.

Like I mentioned before, in addition to copying gestures you can also convince the unconscious mind of the person of your similarity by using the same tone of voice or by talking about common interests. 

Even repeating the words that the person says can lead to successful mirroring. For instance, if they say “yes” you say “yes”, they say “no” you say “no”, they say “the food is great” you say “the food is great”.


The key is to do it very moderately and occasionally, without making the other person suspicious.

Do you remember how you smiled when someone first showed you that “Talking Tom” app in which this cat repeats the exact words that you say to it? 

The app became very famous (it has over 23 million Facebook fans) and there are many other versions of it available now- ‘Talking this’ and ‘Talking that’. All this is nothing but the magic of mirroring.

Imagine all the benefits that you can gain by making someone feel comfortable around you. If you are a salesperson, then the chances of making a sale can dramatically increase if the customer feels comfortable around you. 

In a business setting, the success of your negotiation can depend to a great extent on how comfortable you can make the other person feel.

Final words

You should use mirroring very carefully and only when needed. Although mirroring in itself is a manipulation technique, I suggest that you only use it in a win-win situation where you know that what you’re doing is good for both of you or at least the other person is not harmed in any way.
Back To Top
Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap